Treating Juvenile Delinquents
By Danica Reynes
To be effective, juvenile delinquency treatments must have a multi-layered approach. Like the model, New York's House of Refuge, all treatment should look at formative skill development, mental health, and the family environment.
Confining a mischief-making juvenile offender to a safe place protects them and the community at large. Boys Homes and boot camps might be a couple of feasible choices. Juvenile offenders receive counseling and education at detention centers, as well as programs to address other issues such as substance abuse. This particular center serves as a shelter for juvenile offenders awaiting a court verdict or a relocation. It is good to be aware of some important facts about juvenile delinquency treatments that happen in detention facilities.
NY's House of Refuge was the original model for places to rehabilitate troubled youth
NY's House of Refuge first launched back in the early 19th Century. A philanthropic association that pioneered juvenile reform in the United States developed this method. This facility served as the model for all other juvenile rehabilitation programs. Several programs that were used for the inmate's curriculum were managed labor and instruction. Female residents were assigned domestic duties while the men were taught to construct chairs, shoes, brushes and other items. It was a misfortune, years after it was founded, it was discovered that people in the facility were being abused.
Rehabilitation treatments are multi-layered
Treatment for juvenile delinquency is multi-layered because their is no one rehabilitation treatment that is effective for all. There are two major aspects to rehabilitation. These include community-based treatments and professional therapy. The residential kind of treatment has many facets to it and is a very profitable approach. However, residential treatment is not always effective for cases where the youth poses a risk to themselves or others. In these circumstances, youths may require a residential facility with greater security or juvenile detention. Juvenile offenders with serious criminal records are usually held in the Youth Authority or Juvenile hall, and these facilities typically do not provide rehabilitation programs.
There are a variety of treatments that concentrate on developing formative skills
As abused and neglected children are known to become delinquent, they need to be treated with this aspect in mind. Many treatments focus on developing skills like coping, which are formative and should have been developed while the youth were young. Basically, the purpose of this therapy is to re-parent the youngster.
Programs that are family-oriented produce more beneficial, effective results than boot camps
Boot camp facilities are a standard choice for rehabilitating young offenders. Sending teenagers to boot camp has not proven to be an effective means of resolving their problems. Also, according to research, family-centered treatments are proving to be more effective compared to boot camps in the long run. In addition, the experience at boot camps has been found to be traumatic.
A need exists to integrate mental health therapy into today's treatment system
An overwhelming majority of youthful offenders come from traumatic backgrounds or have witnessed a violent episode where someone has been injured or killed, according to a 2010 report from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Such inhuman treatment meted out to youth proves the need for psychological treatment to become an integral part of juvenile justice system. The study also suggests that substance abuse counseling should be an additional focus of improvement within the system.
Juvenile delinquency treatments should be constantly improved to address the different needs of juvenile offenders more effectively.
About the Author: To know more about Boys Homes and what treatments they provide please visit http://boyshomes.com.
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